Dr. Joseph E. Martin, Dr. Thomas B. Pool, Dr. Gregory S. Neal, Dr. Matthew G. Retzloff, and Dr. Jaye Adams are committed to providing state-of-the-art infertility treatment to people in the greater San Antonio, TX area. Whether it’s male infertility, female infertility, or an unknown reason preventing you from becoming pregnant, we will diagnose the issue and determine the ideal treatment or combination of treatments for your needs.

Below, our fertility specialists would like to focus on the symptoms and treatment for Asherman Syndrome. Let’s start by covering the basics with regard to the causes of the condition.

What Is Asherman Syndrome?

Also known as intrauterine synechiae and uterine synechiae, Asherman syndrome is a rare condition in women that results in female infertility. It involves scar tissue adhesions that form within the uterus. This reduces the size of the uterus. Asherman syndrome can potentially block sperm from accessing the fallopian tubes and/or fertilized eggs from implanting in the uterus.

What Causes Asherman Syndrome?

Asherman syndrome is an acquired condition, which means it develops as a response to trauma to the uterus. A woman cannot be born with Asherman syndrome.

The most common causes of Asherman syndrome include:

  • Scar tissue from a previous uterine surgery, such as dilation and curettage (D&C)
  • Infection of the pelvic region or reproductive organs
  • Endometriosis
  • Side effects from radiation treatment

Signs and Symptoms of Asherman Syndrome

The most common signs and symptoms of Asherman syndrome include:

  • Light periods (hypomenorrhea)
  • Absence of periods (amenorrhea)
  • Serious cramping or pain
  • Infertility
  • Recurrent pregnancy loss

If you experience any of the above symptoms, the team at the Fertility Center or San Antonio can look into the matter further using advanced diagnostic techniques.

How Asherman Syndrome Affects Fertility

You’ll note that infertility and pregnancy loss are both symptoms of Asherman syndrome. This is important to consider with regard to the effects on female fertility. As we noted above, the adhesions can block sperm from fertilizing an egg. Additionally, these adhesions could prevent an egg from implanting properly so a child is carried to term.

Operative Hysteroscopy for Asherman Syndrome

In many cases, the ideal treatment for Asherman syndrome is a surgical procedure known as operative hysteroscopy. This will involve the removal of tissue adhesions within the uterus. An additional operative hysteroscopy may be required to allow women to conceive.

Fertility Procedures and Asherman Syndrome

Fertility procedures could be recommended to address Asherman syndrome if a woman is unable to carry a child to term on her own even if the adhesions removed. In such cases, the use of a surrogate/gestational carrier may be ideal. A gestational carrier is a woman who agrees to carry a child to term on the behalf of a couple unable to conceive naturally. In these cases, an in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedure is performed, with the fertilized egg carried by the surrogate.

We can discuss various options for medical and fertility treatment with you during the consultation process. Our focus is on your wellness and helping you build a healthy family.

Learn More About Treating Female Infertility

If you would like to learn more about treating infertility and building a healthy family. Be sure to contact our board-certified team of fertility specialists. You can reach the doctors at the Fertility Center or San Antonio by calling (210) 692-0577.