Many people are familiar with the role that sperm count plays in fertility, yet sperm morphology is another important factor. Sperm morphology refers to the shape, appearance, and anatomy of a man's sperm. Healthy sperm tend to have a uniform shape that allows for proper swimming and aids in the fertilization process.
The team at the Fertility Center of San Antonio would like to take a moment to discuss male infertility treatments to address sperm morphology issues. Knowing your treatment options can be quite helpful when determining if professional help is right for you.
How Common Are Sperm Morphology Problems?
Every man experiences some issues with sperm morphology. Abnormal sperm can make up anywhere from 4 percent to 15 percent of a man's total sperm. Greater prevalence of abnormal sperm leads to issues with male fertility.
Examples of Poor Sperm Morphology
There are many different examples of poor sperm morphology. Some common flaws include the following:
- Large sperm head
- Small sperm head
- Double-headed sperm
- Crooked sperm tail
- Short sperm tail
- Elongated sperm tail
- Double sperm tail
Why Sperm Morphology Matters
When a man has issues with sperm morphology, this can affect the viability of their sperm. Most notably, this can mean issues with sperm motility, which is the ability of the sperm to swim properly. These issues can make it much more difficult to conceive through natural means.
Poor sperm morphology may also mean overall problems with sperm quality, and a greater risk of birth defects of various kinds as well as pregnancy loss. In essence, if the health of the sperm is poor, it can lead to health issues for a baby.
Male Infertility Treatment Options
There are a few different options to consider when it comes to treating sperm morphology problems:
Sperm Washing – Sperm washing is a way of removing low-quality sperm and mucus from a man's semen in order to increase the chances of pregnancy. It's part of many fertility procedures.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) – This form of artificial insemination involves placing sperm directly inside of a woman's uterus. This bypasses some of a woman's anatomy, boosting chances of successful pregnancy even when male-factor infertility issues are present.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) – IVF involves fertilization of an egg inside of lab before transferring the embryo to a woman so it can be carried to term. This boosts the chances of pregnancy because controls are in place.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) – ICSI may be used as part of the IVF process. This involves direct injection of sperm into an egg, helping improve the chances of fertilization and pregnancy.
Sperm Donation – Sometimes it may be ideal to rely on donor sperm, which is healthy and of good quality. Sperm donors can be selected via appearance and personality profile to ensure a good match and a greater chance of treatment success.
What Fertility Treatment Option Is Right for Me?
There are many options to address sperm morphology issues. The best way to learn which option is right for you is to visit the practice for a consultation. During your visit, you can lead more about all of these matters in greater detail and get answers to any questions you may have.
Learn More About Treating Male Infertility
For more information about addressing sperm morphology issues and improving your overall health and wellness, be sure to contact the Fertility Center of San Antonio today. Our team of fertility specialists will determine the most ideal treatment option for you and your needs.